Why Should I Earn College Credit in High School?
Are you a high school student eager to begin your college journey? You may be able to start earning college credits in high school. This article explores the many avenues you could take. We hope it helps you take one step closer to your college dreams.
Why should I earn college credit in high school?
Perhaps you are still on the fence about starting your college journey early. Isn’t high school enough as is? It may be that you choose to complete high school without seeking any college credit. But first consider these reasons why high school students pursue college credits. Earning college credit in high school can:
Save you money
Students are taking longer and longer to graduate college. This means more and more of a financial burden. If you can knock some of your college credits out the way before even beginning college, you’ll spend less time there and save more money. If you’re especially proactive in high school, you may even be able to graduate college early.
Help you prepare for college-level academics
College classes are markedly more difficult than high school ones. They require more work, and a different kind of thinking. Pursuing college credits while in high school can serve as a college primer. If you prepare for college by taking AP classes for instance (discussed in the next section), by the time you get to college you’ll be more ready for the challenge of college academics.
Challenge you in beneficial ways
Does high school bore you? Do you want to study harder concepts and read tougher books? Or maybe there’s a class you want to take but your high school doesn’t offer it. Pursuing college credits can spice up your high school life by offering you college-level depth and specificity. It could be just what you need.
Look great on your college applications
Seeking college credits while still in high school takes determination and passion. The colleges you apply to understand this, so when they see college credits on your transcript, they’ll know you are a high-level student. Colleges want students who go above and beyond to challenge themselves, so your college credits will actually help you get into college, and could even help you receive more scholarship money.
Learn more: Top scholarships for high school sophomores
How to earn college credits in high school
So you’ve decided that earning college credit is right for you. But how exactly do you do it? Below are the five most commonly pursued credit-granting opportunities.
Advanced Placement (AP)
AP classes are college-level classes offered at many high schools across the country. There are more than 30 AP classes offered, in a wide range of subjects. Once you complete an AP class, you take the corresponding AP test. How you do on that test determines whether or not you receive college credit in the subject area. More than 2,600 colleges and universities around the world accept AP scores as college credit. AP scores can also allow you to skip prerequisite courses at your college. If you do well on your AP Biology exam for instance, you may be able to bypass intro bio and move on to the harder stuff.
Even if you choose not to take the AP test, an AP class still provides a great opportunity for a more rigorous academic setting. You’ll engage with more difficult concepts, and read and write more. Conversely, you can also take an AP test without having taken the class. If you’ve been studying piano since you were a kid, you might consider taking the AP music theory test even if you have taken the official class. This is an excellent way to receive college credit for knowledge you already possess.
For more information on the AP program, check out its College Board website.
International Baccalaureate (IB)
Whereas the AP program is based around tests, IB is more officially a “program”. IB students study 6 different disciplines including foreign language, and engage in 3 main elements: theory of knowledge, the self-directed extended essay, and a project related to creativity, activity, and service. In this holistic approach to learning, the IB program is similar to a liberal arts education. Having completed these requirements, IB students graduate with an IB diploma.
IB credits can transfer to college credits, and participating in the IB program not only helps students get into college, but helps them fare better once there. The only drawback to IB is its accessibility. While lots of high schools provide AP classes, not many offer the IB program. For a list of IB high schools, check out the IB website.
College Level Examination Program (CLEP)
Like AP, the CLEP is a College Board program centered around testing. Unlike AP, there are no classes associated with CLEP tests. For credit, all students need to do is sign up and pay for tests, and pass them. And more than 60% of test takers reported that knowledge from standard high school classes was enough to navigate test material. This could be the right avenue for you if you’re a good test-taker and want to save time and money. There are 34 different test areas, so find one that fits your niche and sign up!
AP and IB programs offer a college environment at your high school, but why not try actual college while still in high school? High school students can choose to enroll in local community colleges or universities if they want to earn college credit, sample college academics, or pursue a course not offered by their high school. Dual enrollment may be a good choice if your high school doesn’t have an AP or IB program. If you’re interested in dual enrollment, talk to your high school counselor, or search the internet for dual enrollment opportunities in your state. If you’re curious about dual enrollment in general, check out this article from the Education Commission.
If pursuing college credits during your high school year is too time-consuming, summer or winter study might be the best option for you. Many colleges and universities offer summer or winter sessions for high school juniors and seniors. This can be an immersive experience, with participants gaining access into a sliver of college life. The opportunity is not for everybody, however. These programs tend to be expensive (though aid is usually available) and reserved for only students with certain GPAs.
Choosing between the above options can be a matter of convenience. High schools usually offer AP or IB programs, but not both. By a similar token, some colleges prefer AP to IB, or the other way around. Make your decision based on where you are right now, and where you want to go. You don’t necessarily need to pick only one of the above avenues. You can, for example, take AP classes and also take a community college course over the summer. Get creative and maximize your high school time!
Tips for earning and transferring credits
Know that by choosing to pursue college credits you are choosing a more rigorous path. This is a good thing, as you will become a better learner, and a more prepared student. Be prepared to work hard, and manage your time and stress. Also remember that there will be a literal “learning curve”—your pursuit may be difficult at first and you might even make some mistakes, but you’ll get used to it and grow in the process.
Note that your credits only become official when your college or university authorizes them. This can be a complicated procedure. Some schools or departments won’t accept AP scores for credit but will let students use them to skip introductory courses. If you’re deciding between credit-granting programs and you know what school you wish to attend, reach out to them to learn their specific policy. If you’ve already pursued your college credits, self-advocate to guarantee you’ll get the most out of them. Talk to your high school counselor or your college advisor to ensure your hard work wasn’t for naught.
Now you know a lot more about how to earn college credit in high school. Don’t be afraid to take the leap, as it could save you time and money, and enrich your life!
Keep reading: Top scholarships for high school freshmen