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    How to Ask For a Letter of Recommendation for College and Scholarships

    By Will Geiger

    Will Geiger is the co-founder of Scholarships360 and has a decade of experience in college admissions and financial aid. He is a former Senior Assistant Director of Admissions at Kenyon College where he personally reviewed 10,000 admissions applications and essays. Will also managed the Kenyon College merit scholarship program and served on the financial aid appeals committee. He has also worked as an Associate Director of College Counseling at a high school in New Haven, Connecticut. Will earned his master’s in education from the University of Pennsylvania and received his undergraduate degree in history from Wake Forest University.

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    Reviewed by Caitlyn Cole

    Caitlyn Cole is a college access professional with a decade of experience in non-profit program and project management for college readiness and access organizations.

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    Edited by Maria Geiger

    Maria Geiger is Director of Content at Scholarships360. She is a former online educational technology instructor and adjunct writing instructor. In addition to education reform, Maria’s interests include viewpoint diversity, blended/flipped learning, digital communication, and integrating media/web tools into the curriculum to better facilitate student engagement. Maria earned both a B.A. and an M.A. in English Literature from Monmouth University, an M. Ed. in Education from Monmouth University, and a Virtual Online Teaching Certificate (VOLT) from the University of Pennsylvania.

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    Updated: September 19th, 2023
    How to Ask For a Letter of Recommendation for College and Scholarships

    Letters of recommendation are an important part of both the admissions and scholarship application processes. Along with  transcripts and test scores, letters of recommendation are among the most important admissions factors. But as a student, how do you ask for a letter of recommendation for college admissions and scholarships?

    In my experience as an admissions officer, I have ready perhaps 15,000 recommendation letters and as a college counselor have written 100+ letters. In this post, I’ll talk about how you can get the best recommendation from the right teachers.

    Related: Scholarships360’s free scholarship search engine

    Jump ahead to:

    Let’s get started so you can get the best recommendations for your scholarship and admissions applications!

    Why do letters of recommendation matter?

    While grades and test scores tell admissions officers how you performed academically in high school, essays and recommendations tell admissions officers who you are. As we will discuss, this is why it is important for your primary recommendations to be focused on you as a student and learner (though this doesn’t necessarily mean that the recommendations should come from the classes you had the highest grades in. Most scholarships and colleges are going to be most interested in what your teachers and guidance counselors have to say.

    Next, let’s talk about how to ask for a letter or recommendation from your teachers and guidance counselors.

    Don’t miss: How many colleges should I apply to?

    How to ask for a letter of recommendation

    Now that we have discussed what a letter of recommendation is and why they matter, let’s dive into how you can ask your teachers for a letter of recommendation.

    Choose teachers from your junior year

    College admissions officers are looking for recommendation letters that are recent. This means that students should focus on teachers they had during junior year. In some cases, it can be okay to choose a non-junior year teacher who knows you really well and who you’ve had for a few semesters, but I’d always defer to the teacher you’ve had more recently. Senior year can work too, but remember that you might not have enough time to get to know your teacher (this can be especially tricky if you intend to apply anywhere Early Decision or Early Action).

    When you approach your teachers for recommendations, you should always frame it as a question and not assume that a teacher will write for you. I used to advise my high school students to email their teacher and ask if they can chat with them briefly after class.

    Your email can look something like this:

    Hi Mr. Smith,

    I was wondering if it would be possible to speak to you briefly after class on Tuesday? I have a quick question to ask you regarding a letter of recommendation. If you are busy Tuesday, I can make another time work as well.

    Thanks so much,

    John Doe

    Related: When should I apply for college?

    Focus on teachers that know you really well

    One of the biggest mistakes that students make is only focusing on grades. Instead, think about the teachers who know you really well as a student. This is why it is so important to get to know your teachers inside and outside of class. A strong recommendation letter will not simply state that:

    John was an A student and did well on his tests.

    Instead, it will describe the type of scholar, thinker, researcher, and classmate you are. Remember, if your teachers write comments about you at the end of the semester or marking period, this can give you a glimpse of how they might talk about you.

    Related: How to write a scholarship cover letter

    Align your recommendation letters to your areas of academic interest

    When college admissions officers are reading recommendations, they are imagining you as a student on their campus. Ideally, your recommendations should support your intended academic interest.

    For example, say you are an intended English major, at least one of your recommendations should be from an English teacher. If you are an aspiring engineer, you should have a recommendation from a math or science teacher, and so on. Generally, you should be seeking recommendation letters from teachers in two separate academic disciplines. This advice is also true for students who are undecided on their major.

    Related: How to choose a college

    Ask your teachers by the end of junior year

    Some teachers like to write recommendation letters over the summer, so it is a nice courtesy to ask them to write a recommendation letter before the summer starts. The other upside to this is that you will secure your recommendations early. Some teachers will have a “cap” on the number of recommendations they will write, so this will guarantee that you can secure recommendations from your top teachers.

    If you are in a situation where a teacher can’t write you a recommendation, don’t get discouraged! Thank them and identify another teacher who might be able to write for you. If you are having trouble with this, your school counselor can be a good person to ask for advice.

    Offer to provide additional information

    A really smart move for you to consider is to offer to sit down with your teacher or guidance counselor for a conversation before they write the recommendation. Some teachers or guidance counselors may even ask you to complete a questionnaire or survey or send them a copy of your resume. Either way, it is important to be clear that you are available to give them additional information.

    Also read: How to start a scholarship essay

    Next steps after your recommendation request

    Your work is not done after asking for your recommendations! There are still a few steps left!

    Double-check to ensure that your recommendation is submitted

    It’s always better to be safe than sorry. That’s why you should keep your eye on your status portals for scholarships or college admissions to ensure that your rec letters are submitted. If you are concerned that your recommendation has not been submitted, you can send your recommender a quick note to ask if they need anything else from you for the letter. This can be a good way to nudge your teacher or school counselor.

    When in doubt, you can also call or email the admissions office to check in on the status of the recommendation letter.

    Don’t forget to thank your recommendations

    Recommendations are time consuming, hard work. Be sure to send a thank you to your recommendation writers (bonus points for writing a hand-written thank you card!).

    Also read: When to apply for scholarships

    Frequently asked questions about asking for a recommendation

    Can I use the same recommendations for scholarships and admissions?

    Generally yes! Unless the scholarship or admissions application is asking for a very specific type of recommendation, you can use your letters of recommendation interchangeably.

    There are cases when specific scholarships and colleges will require a special recommendation form. In these situations, you should communicate any specific requirements to your teachers and counselors beforehand!

    How many recommendations should I ask for?

    Generally, we advise students to ask for three recommendations: two teacher recommendations from teachers in different academic subjects and one school counselor recommendation. Additional recommendations are generally not necessary.

    Can I get a recommendation from a non-academic source?

    We know that some students may want to ask for a recommendation from a coach, mentor, spiritual leader, or work supervisor. This is fine, but should be treated as something that is optional. The really important recommendations to secure are the aforementioned two teacher recommendations and school counselor recommendation.

    What if the college website says that letters of recommendation are optional?

    Some colleges might say that letters of recommendations are optional. In these situations, I always suggest that students submit one or two recommendations as they will still be considered as part of your application. Generally speaking, anything in the admissions process that is “optional” is still ideal to do. This also goes for optional essays and interviews.

    What if I’m new to my school and don’t know who to ask for a recommendation?

    If you are new to a school, you have a few options as far as recommendations. Option one is to simply ask a teacher at your old school for a recommendation letter. There is no rule against this and in my experience students who transferred schools regularly sent in recommendations from their previous high school. This can make sense if you are transferring as a senior and may not have time for your teachers to get to know you (especially if you are applying to college Early Decision or Early Action).

    If you are transferring as a junior or sophomore, you will have plenty of time to get to know your new teachers. Just be patient and trust that you will be forging some wonderful new relationships with your new teachers and school counselor.

    Can my family members or friends write a letter of recommendation for me?

    Generally this is not advised as your family members and friends are a bit biased! Colleges will take these types of recommendations with a grain of salt. However, there are exceptions to this. For instance, Dartmouth College asks students to submit a peer recommendation from a friend or classmate. In this situation, the admissions office is explicitly asking for this type of recommendation, so it’s obviously okay.

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