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Should College Students Have Credit Cards?
As a college student, you may wonder whether you should have a credit card. Credit cards are convenient, build credit, and can teach students how to manage money. However, there are pitfalls to avoid as a college student with a credit card. There are pros and cons to having one. Continue reading to learn if college students should have credit cards!
Related: Best credit cards for students
Pros of having a credit card as a college student
Having a credit card can improve your college experience and set you up for financial success after graduation. Here are some of the positives of having a credit card::
The first pro of having a credit card in college is convenience. Students may not always have the funds to make day-to-day purchases. A credit card can allow students to make purchases between paychecks. They’re useful for essentials like groceries, gas, and school supplies.
Credit cards are also useful to have in emergencies. If you find yourself in a situation where you have to make a big payment unexpectedly, such as a visit to the doctor or car troubles, a credit card can cover the costs at the time.
Making consistent, on-time payments on your credit card can help build students’ credit score and credit history while in college. This gives students a financial boost post-graduation. Having a good credit score can get you better rates on car and home loans. A good credit score is also often required to rent a house or apartment.
Paying on time will establish a good payment history, which is 35% of the FICO credit score. Just having credit over a period of time will also establish your credit history, which makes up 15% of the FICO credit score.
Most college students aren’t able to swipe their credit card for every purchase. Having a credit card will help you learn how to budget and manage your money. Since payments must be made every month, students should make a monthly budget for what they plan to use their credit card on.
Credit cards for students often initially start with low credit limits. This allows students to use the card and make payments on a small scale while learning how to manage their money.
Most credit cards offer rewards to users. These rewards can be in the form of cash back, travel points, and more. Another common benefit of credit cards is 0% APR for the first year. This benefit can help students save a bit more while building their money management skills.
Cons of having a credit card as a college student
There are fewer cons than pros of having a credit card in college. However, the effects of mishandling your credit card can have consequences that last for almost a decade! Be sure to consider these cons before signing up:
One of the biggest problems college students and graduates face is debt. Making payments on a student’s salary can be challenging. Especially if you have student loans, you don’t want to end up in more debt than you need. Students can end up in credit card debt if they don’t make their monthly payments in full and on time.
A best practice for credit card payments is to pay the entire balance every month. Doing this will ensure that you don’t enter the next month with an existing balance. You may think that making the minimum payment is enough, but any balance that isn’t paid will carry over. On top of that, you’ll have to pay interest on the unpaid amount. Getting too comfortable with letting your balance carry over can establish bad financial habits and put you in debt.
Negative effects on credit score
Just as credit cards can improve your credit score, they can hurt it. Payment history makes up 35% of the FICO credit score, so just one missed credit could hurt your credit score significantly, especially if you don’t have much other credit to offset it. Missed payments stay on your credit report for up to 7 years.
Another factor in credit scores is credit utilization ratio. It makes up 30% of your credit score. The credit utilization ratio is the difference between your owed balance and available credit. If students use a large amount of their credit without paying it off, their credit score will be negatively impacted.
Having a low credit score and documentation of missed payments can hurt students’ chances of getting new credit or loans in the future.
Alternatives to credit cards for college students
If a credit card isn’t the right choice, there are some alternatives that college students can use.
Become an authorized user
If you want to use a credit card, but avoid potential negative effects, ask to be added as an authorized user to a parent/guardian’s card. An authorized user can be added on a credit card and use it as if it was their own. Most credit card issuers report the authorized user’s credit score as well as the primary user. This can boost your credit score a bit if you spend wisely. The primary cardholder remains responsible for payments.
Secured credit cards
Secured credit cards use a deposit by the borrower as the credit limit. This can allow students to determine how much they will spend on their credit card ahead of time. Secured credit cards impact your credit score in the same way as regular ones. Making payments on time can establish your credit score while in school.
Prepaid cards can be loaded with funds to set the amount students spend. They do not contribute to your credit score.
Debit cards take money from a checking account. They do not involve credit, so they won’t affect your credit score. However, they are more convenient than carrying cash and can help students develop good spending habits with their own money.
College students and credit cards
Given all this information, make the choice that is best for you! Having a credit card in college is convenient and can establish credit, but can have negative consequences if not handled wisely. If you do decide to get a credit card, you should ensure to stick to a budget so you don’t spend more than you have. Additionally, it’s a good idea to enable AutoPay or set reminders for yourself to ensure that you pay your bill each month.
Additional personal finance resources
You’ve got questions about starting off on the right foot in your financial life, and we’ve got answers. Check out our articles on the difference between credit cards and debit cards and whether you should pay your tuition with a credit card to start. We can also help explain how student loans affect your credit score, and advise you on how to save money and stick to a budget in college. Good luck out there, and remember to check back with us for any resources you might need!