Get matched with vetted scholarships and enter our
I’m a high school student I’m a college or graduate student
100% Free. No Spam.
Start typing in the text field above
Load More
Advertiser disclosure

Student-centric advice and objective recommendations

Higher education has never been more confusing or expensive. Our goal is to help you navigate the very big decisions related to higher ed with objective information and expert advice. Each piece of content on the site is original, based on extensive research, and reviewed by multiple editors, including a subject matter expert. This ensures that all of our content is up-to-date, useful, accurate, and thorough.

Our reviews and recommendations are based on extensive research, testing, and feedback. We may receive commission from links on our website, but that doesn’t affect our editors’ opinions. Our marketing partners don’t review, approve or endorse our editorial content. It’s accurate to the best of our knowledge when posted. You can find a complete list of our partners here.

Difference Between BA and BS Degrees

By Zach Skillings

Zach Skillings is the Scholarships360 Newsletter Editor. He specializes in college admissions and strives to answer important questions about higher education. When he’s not contributing to Scholarships360, Zach writes about travel, music, film, and culture. His work has been published in Our State Magazine, Ladygunn Magazine, The Nocturnal Times, and The Lexington Dispatch. Zach graduated from Elon University with a degree in Cinema and Television Arts.

Full Bio

Learn about our editorial policies

Edited by Maria Geiger

Maria Geiger is Director of Content at Scholarships360. She is a former online educational technology instructor and adjunct writing instructor. In addition to education reform, Maria’s interests include viewpoint diversity, blended/flipped learning, digital communication, and integrating media/web tools into the curriculum to better facilitate student engagement. Maria earned both a B.A. and an M.A. in English Literature from Monmouth University, an M. Ed. in Education from Monmouth University, and a Virtual Online Teaching Certificate (VOLT) from the University of Pennsylvania.

Full Bio

Learn about our editorial policies

Updated: October 25th, 2023
Difference Between BA and BS Degrees

If you’re an undergraduate student trying to figure out your major, you may be wondering about the difference between a BA and a BS degree. The broad answer is a Bachelor of Arts (BA) degree focuses on the humanities and social sciences while a Bachelor of Science (BS) emphasizes science and math. These two types of degree programs vary in terms of coursework, skill development, and the types of careers they can prepare students for. Below we’ll explore the key differences between a Bachelor of Arts and a Bachelor of Science. 

Learn more: Everything you need to know about undergraduate degrees

What is a Bachelor of Arts?

Bachelor of Arts degree programs emphasize a liberal arts curriculum that covers a broad array of subjects. As a result, students in BA programs take fewer credits that are directly related to their major. Instead, students earn credits through a broad array of courses in the humanities, social sciences, and foreign languages. Below are just a few examples of BA majors:

  • Film 
  • Journalism
  • English
  • International Studies
  • Political Science
  • Philosophy 
  • Religious Studies

What is a Bachelor of Science?

Bachelor of Science degree programs usually focus more strictly on subject matter directly related to the student’s specific field of study. As a result, BS students are required to take more credits directly associated with their major in order to master the technical and practical facets of their field. This means they have less opportunities to explore topics outside of their major. Below are just a few examples of BS majors:

  • Biology 
  • Chemistry 
  • Physics 
  • Sport/exercise Science
  • Computer Science
  • Engineering
  • Mathematics

Read more: How to choose a college major

What’s the difference between a BA and a BS?


The main difference between a BA and a BS is the focus of the coursework each type of degree requires. Colleges grant BAs to students who majored in the humanities and social sciences, while BS degrees are granted to students majoring in STEM (science, technology, engineering, math) subjects. General education requirements differ for each degree type. Students pursuing a BA are generally required to take a liberal arts curriculum that involves an array of humanities and social science courses. Alternatively, BS majors follow a curriculum that emphasizes science and math courses. 

Related: What is a liberal arts degree?

Skill development

Because BA and BS students study different material, they tend to develop different skill sets. BA degrees are designed to strengthen students’ critical thinking, writing, and research skills through a liberal arts curriculum. Meanwhile, BS majors develop their problem-solving and analytical reasoning abilities by studying the technical and practical facets of their field. 

Career options

Since each degree program fosters the development of different skills, BA and BS earners have different career options. Students who graduate with a BA often develop skills that are transferable to a variety of fields. For instance, English majors can get jobs as teachers, news reporters, freelance writers, public relations specialists, and more. While BS degree holders also have many career paths, oftentimes their major is more directly related to a specific field. For example, computer science majors often get jobs such as web developers and software testers. 

Related: What is the average starting salary out of college?

Is there any overlap?

Not all majors are specific to one degree program or the other. Some subjects such as psychology, accounting, and business are regularly offered in both Bachelor of Arts and Bachelor of Science degree programs. This gives students the option of taking the broader sweep of the BA track or the more tightly focused approach of the BS track. 

Also read: How to choose a college

Which degree is better?

Because BA and BS degrees serve different purposes, neither one is better than the other. Each degree holds the same academic weight, but the ways they are utilized varies greatly. As we’ve discussed, BA and BS degrees tend to hone different skills and prepare students for varying career paths. The main thing to consider when deciding between a BA and a BS is to think about how each degree program could impact your future.

See also: Scholarships for college students

Other types of bachelor’s degrees

BA and BS degrees aren’t the only bachelor’s degrees that undergraduate students can earn. Below are a few of the other common bachelor’s degree types:

Bachelor of Fine Arts (BFA)

BFA programs train students in visual and performing arts. Common BFA majors include dance, painting, film, theater, sculpture, and animation. BFA programs typically require different generation education courses than BA and BS programs. Instead of humanities, social science, and natural science courses, BFA majors usually take additional art courses. 

Related: Top art scholarships

Bachelor of Business Administration (BBA)

BBA programs train students in core business areas such as business communications, management, economics, and finance. BBA students take fewer liberal arts classes, more business courses, and typically choose a concentration such as accounting, marketing, human resource management, or strategic management. 

Bachelor of Applied Science (BAS)

BAS programs often build on the skills and knowledge gained in an Associate of Applied Science program. BAS students acquire advanced technical knowledge related to specific fields such as engineering, construction management, and information technology.

Start your scholarship search
  • Vetted scholarships custom-matched to your profile
  • Access exclusive scholarships only available to Scholarships360 members
Get Started

Frequently asked questions about BS and BA degrees

Is a BS harder to earn than a BA?

BS degrees typically have stricter requirements in regard to their major, whereas BA degrees typically allow students to take a more diverse course load. That being said, it’s difficult to say which type of degree is harder to earn, as this can vary based on major, school, and a variety of other factors. While a BA might have easier requirements to fulfill, a BS might be easier to earn in some situations.

Is political science a BA or a BS?

The political science major can go towards a BA or a BS degree, depending on the school you’re at and the classes you take. Typically, you’ll take a more technical approach to the discipline if you’re earning a BS, and a more holistic one if earning a BA.

Is psychology a BA or a BS?

The psychology major can count as a BA or BS degree, depending on the policy of your university and the classes you take. Typically, BS programs take a more technical approach and might teach you more of the medical and scientific angle of the discipline. BA students might take more sociological and social science courses.

Do BS holders earn more money than BA holders?

The answer to this question can vary widely depending on the major you choose, the school you attend, and the career you pursue after graduation. However, as BS holders are more likely to go into profitable STEM fields, whereas BA holders are more likely to opt for humanities and social sciences, which typically pay less, BS holders do tend to earn more money. But it’s important to remember that the type of degree you earn is only one part of a big web of factors that will determine your salary. Check out top college majors for the future to learn more about what the future holds as far as careers!

Can I pursue a graduate degree with a BA or BS degree?

Yes! You can pursue a graduate degree with either a BA or a BS. However, the specific requirements for graduate programs vary, so be sure to research the necessary prerequisites of your desired graduate program.

Can I double major with a BA and a BS?

Yes, it is possible to double major with a BA and a BS. However, it can be more demanding in terms of coursework and time. Make sure you are discussing this option with your academic advisor to ensure you can complete all of the requirements.

3 reasons to join scholarships360

  • Automatic entry to our $10,000 No-Essay Scholarship
  • Personalized matching to thousands of vetted scholarships
  • Quick apply for scholarships exclusive to our platform

By the way...Scholarships360 is 100% free!

Join For Free